It is the astronomical model in which the earth and planets revolve around the sun at the center of the Solar System.

Indian Astronomy Naukripitara
Aryabatta Naukripitata
Aryabatta Naukripitata

In 500 BCE, Aryabhata presented a mathematical system that took the earth to spin on its axis and considered the motions of the planets with respect to the sun i.e. heliocentric theory. In his book, the Aryabhatya, he also made many astronomical calculations; such as the times of the solar and lunar eclipses, and the instantaneous motion of the Moon.

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