Sir Mokshagundam Vishweshvaraya
Born on: September 15, 1860
Died on: April 14, 1962
Place of Birth: Muddenahalli, Chikballapur, Kingdom Of Mysore (Now in Karnataka)
Popular As: Father of Modern Mysore State
Occupation: Civil Engineer, scholar, statesman, politician


• In 1881, Sir Vishweshvaraya received a BA degree from Central College, Bangalore.

• He received LCE (Licenciate in Civil Engineering) equivalent to DCE (Diploma in Civil Engineering) from the University of Bombay to which the College of Engineering was affiliated.


• Sir Vishweshvaraya accepted a position with the PWD of Bombay and later was welcome to join the Indian Irrigation Commission. He implemented a great degree multifaceted arrangement of irrigation in Deccan.

• He designed and patented a system of automatic weir water floodgates that were first installed in 1903 at Khadakvasla Reservoir near Pune.

• In 1906–07, Government of India sponsored his travel to Aden to study water supply and drainage systems. The project prepared by him was implemented in Aden successfully.

• Sir Vishweshvaraya architectured a flood protection system for city of Hyderabad. He was instrumental in developing a system to shield Visakhapatnam port from ocean disintegration. This leads him to achieve celebrity status. From then onward there are no floods in Hyderabad. This shows the highest level of quality engineer present in him.

• This dam made the greatest reservoir in Asia, when it was built Visweshvaraya gave his valuable specialized guidance for the area of Mokama Bridge over Ganga in Bihar. At the time, he was over 90 years old.

Visveshvaraya Dam Naukripitara

• Numerous new ventures came up amid his tenure as the Dewan. These incorporate the Sandal Oil Factory, the Soap Factory, the Metals Factory, the Chrome Tanning Factory and the Bhadravati Iron and Steel Works.

Awards and Honours

• In 1955, Sir Mokushagundam Vishweshvaraya was honoured with the Bharat Ratna, a pre-eminent engineer, scholar and statesman of India.

• Sir Visvheshwaraya was awarded honorary membership of the London Institution of Civil Engineers.

• He was awarded a fellowship of the Indian Institute of Science (based in Bangalore).

Visveshvaraya Naukripitara
Visveshvaraya Naukripitara

• He was additionally awarded with several honorary doctoral degrees including D.Sc., LL.D., D.Litt. from eight universities in India.

• In order to honor the achievements of the most influential engineer from the history of contemporary India, Engineer’s Day is celebrated on Sir Visweshvaraya’s birthday, 15 September.

• On 15 September 2018, to celebrate his 157th birthday anniversary Visweshvaraya was honored with Google Doodle.

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